SHACKLETON NEWS ARCHIVE
SCOTT'S CONNECTION WITH CARDIFF, WALES
The event at National Museum Cardiff this month (January) marks the arrival of Scott's party at the South Pole on January 17, 1912.
It includes many photographs of the expedition setting out from Cardiff on their world-famous, but ultimately tragic effort to reach the pole.
National Museum Wales Geology Curator Tom Sharpe said while the expedition is best remembered for the tragedy that befell Scott and his four companions on the return journey, the exhibition aims to highlight the team's scientific research between 1910 and 1913.
He said: "The year before last, 2010, we put together a small exhibition about the departure of the ship from Cardiff.
"What we've done this time, we've still included the story of the Cardiff departure and Welsh support.
"That's something that people don't realise that there was so much support from Wales. If Scott hadn't had that support, the expedition would never have happened.
"We've got some of the rocks and fossils that Scott and his party collected on their way back from the South Pole. They dragged them literally to the bitter end, they were found when the bodies were discovered. These are rocks and fossils that tell us something about the geological history of that part of the world."
In this exhibition, visitors will also be able to see a selection of specimens collected during the expedition as well as some of the iconic images of Antarctic exploration through the watercolours of Edward Wilson and the photographs of Herbert Ponting.
Among the specimens on display from the Museum's own collections will be the Welsh flag flown on Scott's expedition ship, the Terra Nova, and the ship's figurehead.
Mr Sharpe said there were also plans to recreate the geologists' workspace from inside Scott's hut to give visitors an idea of a condition the scientists were working in.
Mr Sharpe has recently returned from a trip to Scott's hut, which he said provided inspiration for the upcoming exhibition.
He said: "It was amazing. I'd seen these photos for years, what really struck me was standing outside and seeing it in colour.
Supported by the United Kingdom Antarctic Heritage Trust, Captain Scott: South for Science is at National Museum Cardiff from Saturday (January 14) until May 13.
Cardiff's role in Captain Scott's trip to South Pole Exhibition Jan-June 2010
Captain Robert Scott's legenday trip to the South Pole which claimed his life and that of four more explorers left from Cardiff 100 years ago this June.
His ship, the Terra Nova, sailed from the city's docks laden with Welsh coal, fuel, and supplies.
City business leaders got behind Scott and even helped him secure government backing for the expedition.
Now the famous masthead is at the centre of a Cardiff
exhibition about the ill-fated trip.
Scott's Terra Nova, which he had bought from a Liverpool ship owner, was cheered on by thousands when it set sail from the Welsh capital early on the afternoon of 15 June, 1910.
Three years later, crowds of around 60,000 joined Scott's widow Lady Kathleen and young son Peter to welcome her back.
Wales and particularly Cardiff played a huge role in the whole trip, explained Tom Sharpe, curator of the exhibition at National Museum Cardiff.
"The ship went laden with with 100 tonnes of coal, 300 tonnes of fuel made from coal dust mixed with bitumen, as well as pots and plans from the Llanelli tin works.
"In fact, she was so full, she started leaking and letting in water.
"Cardiff contributed far more than any other city in the UK," he said.
Amongs the Cardiff-based sponsors who helped the expedition were ship owners Daniel Radcliffe and William Tatem, and James Howell of the Cardiff department store Howells who provided a Welsh flag which flew from the Terra Nova on her long journey south.
The editor of the Western Mail newspaper William Davies was key to rallying public support.
He also persuaded the Chancellor David Lloyd George to provide a government grant of £20.000 for the expedition.
Poignantly, the exhibition includes a handful of rocks, part of a 35lb load of geological specimens found on a sledge with the bodies of Scott and two of his polar companions.
Exhausted, cold and hungry, they died just 11 miles from a supply depot in March 1912, having made it to the South Pole in January of that year only to find Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had beaten them to it.
Two other members of the polar party, Welshman Edgar Evans from Rhossili on Gower, and Captain Lawrence "Titus" Oates - he of the renowned phrase "I am going outside and I may be some time" - had earlier lost their lives.
Tom Sharpe said: "Amundsen was lucky. He had a route that took him through the ice. He was lucky in the weather as well. And Scott was unlucky."
The exhibition also explores other Welsh links with Antarctica - a geologist from St Fagans, a stowaway from Newport and the Antarctic work of a zoologist from St Brides Major who later became director of the National Museum.
The display will close on 14 June, marking the date the Terra Nova returned to Bute Dock at the close of the expedition 97 years ago. Then from June to October it will be shown in Swansea.
It will then be shown at the National Waterfront Museum, Swansea from 14 July until 10 October 2010.
Read More http://www.walesonline.co.uk/cardiffonline/cardiff-news/2012/01/05/captain-scott-s-antarctic-discoveries-on-show-in-cardiff-91466-30062059/#ixzz24lWhpxrR
The Cardiff connection with the expedition owes much to the efforts of Scott's deputy or second in command, Lieutenant Teddy Evans. He had been to Antarctica with Scott and Shackleton on a previously unsuccessful attempt on the Pole and, like the other two, was determined to try again.
Evans had distant and somewhat tentative connections with Wales, his grandfather probably having been born in Cardiff, and decided that Wales could play a valuable fund-raising role for a proposed expedition.
He was nothing if not energetic and managed to convince the Editor of the Western Mail to give him publicity and back him in a bid to raise the huge sum of money that would be needed. Scott, meanwhile, was also attempting to gather together resources and money for his own second attempt.
Despite some scepticism on the part of Scott, the President of the Royal Geographical Society managed to persuade the two men to join forces and unite in the forthcoming expedition.
It was estimated that about Â£50,000 to Â£60,000 would be needed to make the attempt viable and there was no central or government funding. The money would all have to be raised by public donation.
Teddy Evans spent much of 1909 in a never-ending round of lectures and speaking engagements in Cardiff and the surrounding area and by December of that year Cardiff ship owners and industrialists had pledged nearly Â£1500. Just as important was the offer of free towage and docking facilities for the Terra Nova, the ship that had been bought to transport the expedition members to Antarctica.
The Terra Nova left London on June 1, 1910, Teddy Evans in command, and managed to arrive in Cardiff 12 hours early. Despite this embarrassment for Cardiff's civil dignitaries, she tied up in Roath Dock on June 10, and immediately attracted thousands of eager well-wishers and sightseers.
On the evening of June 13, Scott and his officers were given a spectacular farewell dinner at the Royal Hotel in St Mary's Street, the rest of the crew having to make do with dinner in the less ostentatious Barry Hotel. Further fund raising that night brought the total raised by the city of Cardiff to a staggering Â£2500, more than any other city in Britain.
At one o'clock the next day, June 15 1910, the Terra Nova was towed out of Roath Dock by the tugs Bantam Cock and Falcon.
A huge crowd gathered on the dock and on nearby Penarth Head to watch her go while the paddle steamers Ravenswood and Devonia and a flotilla of small vessels accompanied her part of the way down the Bristol Channel. At her mast head the Terra Nova flew the flag and coat of arms of Cardiff and the Welsh dragon.
Very few of the excited spectators knew that the Terra Nova was already leaking like a sieve and serious flaws, even at this early stage, were beginning to emerge in Scott's organisation.
They were faults that, two years later, were to lead Scott, Oates, Wilson Bowers and Petty Officer Evans to disaster on the Polar icecap.
Interestingly, considering the pomp and ceremony of the departure, Scott left the Terra Nova almost immediately after she sailed from Cardiff, disembarking with the Lord Mayor and other dignitaries who were on board, at the Breaksea Light. Scott returned to London for more fund raising and expedition business and did not rejoin the ship until it reached New Zealand.
Captain Scott had promised that the Terra Nova would return to Cardiff. She did, on June 14, 1913 - virtually three years to the day after she had sailed - under the command of Teddy Evans.
Lady Scott, the explorer's widow, and her son Peter were there to greet her. A memorial lighthouse, erected by public subscription in 1915, still exists on Roath Park Lake, as does another memorial, a tablet or plaque in City Hall, unveiled a year later.
The Welsh connections with the expedition of Captain Scott were significant. Not only did Cardiff play a major part in raising the necessary funds, Petty Officer Evans - who died alongside Scott in Antarctica - was a Welshman.
Considering the fact that Cardiff was then one of the most important ports in Britain, it seems an appropriate honour.
Read the BBC News article: Cardiff Bay service to mark Scott's polar expedition.