SHACKLETON NEWS ARCHIVE
SHACKLETON LECTURING IN 1909 FOLLOWING HIS RETURN FROM THE 'NIMROD' EXPEDITION AND HIS 'FURTHEST SOUTH' WORLD RECORD
Ever short of money for his expeditions, Sir Ernest Shackleton was dependent on joining the Lecture Circuit almost as soon as he reached England, both as a means of securing an income and achieving sufficient funding to meet his debts. He later lectured in the United States as well.
This is one of the many lectures he gave, following the Nimrod Expedition of 1907-9. In it, Shackleton tells of the departure of the Nimrod on 1 January 1908 from Lyttelton Harbour, on New Zealand's South Island, its landing in the Ross Sea area under the shadow of Mt. Erebus. The first-ever climb of Erebus 13,350 ft) occurred on 2 March 1908, in a severe blizzard.
On 28 Oct 1908 the four-man southern party consisting of Shackleton, Wild, Marshall and Adamas started out with pony-drawn and sledges from Cape Royds. On 9 Jan 1909 (the year of Shackleton's lecture) the party turned back having achieved 'Furthest South' at Latitude 88.23 S, Longitude 162, beating Shackleton's own record with Scott and Wilson on the 1901-4 Discovery Expedition.
The Southern Magnetic Pole had already been reached, on 16 January 1909, by 3 of Shackleton's men, 122 days out from base (on a 1,360 mile journey). 'Thus', says Shackleton with some pride, both 'Northern and Southern Magnetic Pole have British flag flying over them.'
On 1 March 1909 the party arrived back at winter quarters, having covered 1,708 miles. Thanks to a heroic press forward by Shackleton and Wils, they caught the Nimrod just as it was due to sail, and subsequently went back into the snow to collect Adams and the unwell Marshall.
Finally (not included here) Shackleton lists the names of 'fourteen men who were my comrades ...loyal to the very core: Armytyge, Brocklehurst, Mackay, Mackintosh (who had lost an eye), Priestley, Davis, Adams, Wild, Joyce, Marston, Marshall, Mawson, Roberts, Day and Murray: 'those fourteen men who were my comrades [list is fifteen!] regardless of self and denial of self – through them...loyal to the very core.'